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All You Need to Know about Alopecia Areata [for Men]

Hair loss can be a distressing and frustrating experience for many men. While some forms of hair loss are related to genetics, hormones, or aging, there is another type that has a different cause: alopecia areata. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that affects the hair follicles, causing them to stop producing hair. This results in patchy baldness that can affect any part of the body where hair grows, including the scalp, beard, eyebrows, chest, and back12Alopecia areata can affect anyone, regardless of age, ethnicity, or gender1, but some sources suggest that men may be more prone to it than women3. In this article, we will explain what alopecia areata is, what causes it, how it is diagnosed and treated, and what you can do to cope with it if you are a man living with this condition.

What are the Causes of Alopecia Areata?

It’s unknown precisely what causes the body’s immune system to target hair follicles this manner. While scientists are uncertain why these changes occur, it seems that genetics is called alopecia areata is more likely to happen in a person who has a close relative with the disease. One in five people with the disease has a relative who has also developed alopecia areata.

Other research has discovered that lots of people with a family history of alopecia areata have a family or personal history of other autoimmune disorders, such as atopy, a disease characterized by a tendency to be more hyperallergic, thyroiditis, along with vitiligo.

Despite what many men and women think, there is very little scientific evidence to support the view that alopecia areata is caused by anxiety. Extreme instances of stress could potentially trigger the condition, but most recent research points toward a genetic origin.

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​What are the Symptoms of Alopecia Areata?

The most prominent symptom of alopecia areata is patchy hair loss. Coin-sized patches of hair begin to fall out, largely in the scalp. Any website of hair growth may be affected, however, including the beard and eyelashes. The loss of hair can be abrupt, developing in just a few days or within a span of a few weeks. There might be itching or burning in the area before hair loss. The hair follicles aren’t ruined and so hair may re-grow if the inflammation of those follicles subsides. People who undergo just a couple of patches of baldness frequently have a spontaneous, full recovery without any treatment.

Approximately 30 per cent of individuals who grow alopecia areata find that their condition either becomes extensive or becomes a continuous cycle of hair loss and regrowth. About half of patients recover from alopecia areata within one year, but a lot of them will undergo more than 1 episode. Approximately 10% of people may go to develop alopecia totalis or alopecia Universalis.

Alopecia areata can also affect the toenails and fingernails, and sometimes these changes will be the first sign that the condition is growing. 

  • pinpoint dents appear
  • white spots and lines appear
  • nails become rough
  • nails lose their shine
  • nails become thin and split

How is Alopecia Areata Diagnosed?

Alopecia Areata can be diagnosed by a qualified healthcare professional such as a dermatologist. A physical examination of the scalp and affected areas is usually the first step in the diagnosis process. The doctor may also perform a scalp biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. Blood tests may also be conducted to check for underlying medical conditions. It is important to seek professional help if you suspect you have Alopecia Areata, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve the chances of successful hair regrowth. Don’t be afraid to ask your healthcare provider questions and share any concerns you may have. Remember, taking care of your health is always a top priority.

As the indicators of alopecia areata are so distinctive, creating a diagnosis is generally straightforward and quick.

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​How is Alopecia Areata Treated?

There’s presently no treatment for alopecia areata, even though there are a few kinds of therapy which could be suggested by physicians to assist hair re-grow faster. The most common type of alopecia areata therapy is using corticosteroids, effective anti-inflammatory drugs that may suppress the immune system. All these are largely commonly handled through local injections, topical ointment program, or orally.

Other medicines which may be prescribed that promote hair growth or influence the immune system comprise Minoxidil, Anthralin, SADBE, and DPCP. Even though some of them may assist with the regrowth of baldness, they can’t prevent the creation of new bald spots. The usage of photochemotherapy is supported by some research and presents a possible choice for individuals unable or reluctant to utilise invasive or systemic therapies.


Alopecia areata is a challenging condition that can affect your self-esteem and quality of life. However, it is not a life-threatening disease and it does not cause any physical harm. There are many treatment options available to help you manage your hair loss and stimulate hair regrowth, but none of them are guaranteed to work for everyone. You may need to try different therapies or combinations of therapies to find what works best for you. You may also benefit from seeking emotional support from your family, friends, or professional counsellors if you are struggling with the psychological impact of alopecia areata1. Remember that you are not alone in this journey and there are many resources and communities that can help you cope with this condition. Alopecia areata does not define who you are as a person or as a man. You can still live a fulfilling and happy life with or without hair.

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Terence is Tropika Club Magazine's deputy editor who loves learning about animals and their behavior. He is also an anthropologist, so he is very interested in how different cultures interact with animals. He has worked in the publishing industry for over 10 years, and have been lucky enough to work with some amazing authors and editors.

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